## 2019/2020 Scholarship Past Questions and Answer in Nigeria

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## Scholarships Past Questions And Answers

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**Quantitative:**

Problem-solving: Solve these problems and indicate the best of the answer choices given. All numbers used are real numbers.

1. If a = 3 and b = -2, what is the value of a2 + 3ab – b2? (A) 5

(B) -13

(C) -4

(D) -20 (E) 13

2. 34 is what percent of 80? (A) 34%

(B) 40%

(C) 42.5%

(D) 44.5% (E) 52%

3. Jack and Kevin play in a basketball game. If the ratio of points scored by Jack to points scored by Kevin is 4 to 3, which of the following could NOT be the total number of points scored by the two boys?

(A) 7

(B) 14

(C) 16

(D) 28

(E) 35

4. Factor the following expression: x2 + x – 12 (A) (x – 4) (x + 4)

(B) (x – 2) (x + 6)

(C) (x + 6) (x – 2)

(D) (x – 4) (x + 3) (E) (x + 4) (x – 3)

5. The average of six numbers is 4. If the average of two of those numbers is 2, what is the average of the other four numbers?

(A) 5

(B) 6

(C) 7 (D) 8 (E) 9

6. What is the next-highest prime number after 67? (A) 68

(B) 69

(C) 71

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(D) 73 (E) 76

7. Solve: 0.25 x 0.03 = (A) 75

(B) 0.075

(C) 0.75

(D) 0.0075 (E) 7.5

8. Dean’s Department Store reduces the price of a $30 shirt by 20%, but later raises it again by 20% of the sale price. What is the final price of the shirt?

(A) $24.40

(B) $32

(C) $30 (D) $28.80 (E) $26.60

9. How many 3-inch segments can a 4.5-yard line be divided into? (A) 15

(B) 45

(C) 54

(D) 64 (E) 84

10. Sheila, Janice, and Karen, working together at the same rate, can complete a job in 3 1/3 days. Working at the same rate, how much of the job could Janice and Karen do in one day?

(A) 1/5

(B) 1/4 (C) 1/3 (D) 1/9 (E) 1/8

11. Dave can deliver four newspapers every minute. At this rate, how many newspapers can he deliver in 2 hours?

(A) 80

(B) 160

(C) 320 (D) 400 (E) 480

12. 46 ÷28 = (A) 2

(B) 8

(C) 16

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(D) 32 (E) 64

13. Ifa=4,b=3,andc=1,then a(b−c) = b(a+b+c)

(A) 4/13 (B) 1/3 (C) 1/4 (D) 1/6 (E) 2/7

14. What is 20% of 12 , expressed as a percentage? 5

(A) 48% (B) 65% (C) 72% (D) 76% (E) 84%

15. Archie’s gas tank is 1/3 full. If Archie adds 3 gallons of gas to the tank, it will be 1⁄2 full. What is the capacity in gallons of Archie’s tank?

(A) 28

(B) 12

(C) 20 (D) 16 (E) 18

Data sufficiency: This Data Sufficiency problem consists of a question and two statements, labeled (1) and (2), in which certain data are given. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient for answering the question, using only the data given in the statements and your knowledge of mathematics and everyday facts (such as the number of days in July or the meaning of counterclockwise).

16. Does Jonathan get paid more than Deborah? (1) Alice gets paid more than Deborah.

(2) Jonathan makes less money than Alice.

(A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) is not sufficient.

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

17. Is the integer a less than the integer b? (1) a3 < b3

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(2) a2 < b2

(A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) is not sufficient.

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

18. Is the perimeter of a given rectangle greater than 8 inches?

(1) The two shorter sides of the rectangle are 2 inches long.

(2) The length of the rectangle is 2 inches greater than the width of the

(A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) is not sufficient.

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

19. Is a an integer? (1) a > 0

(2)42 +32 =a2

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

20. What is the value of the integer P? (1) P is an integer multiple of 2, 4, and 5. (2) 40 < P < 70

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

21. Brian is dividing 50 marbles into 3 groups. How many marbles are in the largest of the three groups?

(1) The sum of the two smaller groups of marbles is equal to the largest group of marbles. (2) The smallest group contains 6 marbles.

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(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

22. Is b a positive number? (1) 1,452(b) > 0

(2) –b < 0

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

23. Is x greater than y? (1) x > 2y

(2) x – y > 0

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

24. What is the average test score of Angela, Barry, Carl, Dennis, and Edward? (1) The average of the test scores of Barry, Carl, and Edward is 87.

(2) The average of the test scores of Angela and Dennis is 84.

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

25. If y is an integer, is it an odd number?

(1)y3 ≥0

(2) y is either an odd number or a negative number

(A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) is not sufficient.

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(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.

Verbal Ability:

Critical Reasoning: For these questions, select the best of the answer choices given. 26. The latest movie by a certain director gets bad reviews before it opens in theatres. Consequently, very few people go to the movie and the director is given much less money to make his next movie, which is also unsuccessful.

What can be inferred from this scenario?

(A) This director makes terrible movies.

(B) The general public does not pay attention to movie reviews.

(C) The movie reviewers were right about the first movie.

(D) Movie reviewers exert influence on the movie quality.

(E) The director will not make another movie.

27. The most important determinant of success in life is education. Even children from broken or dysfunctional homes tend to establish themselves as solid citizens so long as they obtain a high school education. On the other hand, children who fail to earn a high school diploma are much less likely to avoid prison, welfare, or divorce.

Which of the following statements most effectively strengthens the above argument? (A) A recent study demonstrated a link between education and lifetime earnings.

(B) Most federal prisoners receive a high school diploma while incarcerated.

(C) Research indicates that college graduates from abusive homes are more likely to be arrested.

(D) Individuals with heart problems are more likely to have postgraduate education. (E) Children from functional homes are more likely to attend preschool.

28. (1) All A are B. (2) Some B are C.

Which of the following is true? (A) All A are C.

(B) No A are C.

(C) Some A are C.

(D) No C are A.

(E) None of the above.

29. Shakespeare is the greatest writer of all time. This is because he wrote the greatest plays, and the greatest writer is the one who composes the greatest works.

Which of the following statements most effectively challenges the reasoning above? (A) This argument disproves its own premise.

(B) This argument uses ambiguous language.

(C) This argument assumes what it claims to prove.

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(D) This argument introduces irrelevant evidence. (E) This argument fails to make a clear claim.

30. In the 2000 local election, only 28% of individuals between the ages of 18 and 25 voted. In the 2004 local election, however, candidates made more of an effort to appeal to these younger voters, so turnout was slightly higher at 39%. Which of the following pieces of information weakens the above argument?

(A) The candidates for city council were ages 55, 72, and 64.

(B) The turnout among voters between the ages of 35 and 44 was 42% in 2004.

(C) Turnout among African-Americans between 18 and 25 decreased from 2000 to 2004. (D) The polls stayed open later on Election Day in 2000.

(E) In 2004, a referendum on lowering the legal age for purchasing alcohol to 18 was on the ballot.

31. Members of Congress should not be paid. After all, members of the school board receive no payment, and are therefore not beholden to any particular group.

Which of the following facts most significantly weakens the above argument?

(A) Members of Congress can also serve on the school board.

(B) Being in Congress is a full-time job, while school board members have time to pursue other occupations.

(C) Congress only is in session during part of the year.

(D) Members of Congress typically have been successful in their prior professional lives. (E) Members of Congress are not allowed to show favoritism to any particular group.

32. All German cars are safe. Dale drives a German car, so his car is safe.

Which of the following arguments contains logic that closely resembles that of the preceding argument?

(A) The newest cars often get better gas mileage. Helen has a new car, which must get better gas mileage.

(B) A few of the candidates for governor are women. Dr. Lopez is a woman.

(C) No brands of natural peanut butter contain preservatives. The peanut butter in Dave’s cabinet contains preservatives.

(D) Every shark has a tailfin. The hammerhead is a kind of shark and therefore has a tailfin.

(E) Some days of the week are Saturdays and Sundays. Today is neither Saturday nor Sunday.

33. The Tigers football team usually loses when they score fewer than 30 points. In their game against the Wildcats, they scored 24 points.

Which of the following statements would logically complete the argument with the above premises?

(A) The Tigers lost to the Wildcats.

(B) The Wildcats are the best football team in the league. (C) The Wildcats probably lost to the Tigers.

(D) The Tigers are not a very good football team.

(E) The Tigers probably lost to the Wildcats.

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34. Dr. Jacobson stood up at the recent town hall meeting and declared that building a new shopping center at the corner of George and Vidalia Streets would be a bad move. He cited transportation department statistics indicating that the intersection would become overloaded with traffic, and would be very dangerous for motorists and pedestrians alike. The mayor dismissed Dr. Jacobson’s opinion, on the grounds that the proposed shopping center is within a block of Dr. Jacobson’s practice.

Why is the mayor’s argument weak?

(A) He does not challenge Dr. Jacobson’s argument, but merely challenges him personally.

(B) He does not acknowledge the location of his own office.

(C) He fails to recognize that Dr. Jacobson would probably welcome a new shopping center near his practice.

(D) He does not support his view with statistics from the transportation department. (E) He doesn’t realize that Dr. Jacobson is about to retire.

Sentence correction: These questions present a sentence, all or part of which is underlined. Beneath each sentence you will find five ways of phrasing the underlined part. The first of these repeats the original; the other four are different. If you think the original is best, choose the first answer; otherwise, choose one of the other answers. These questions test correctness and effectiveness of expression. In choosing your answer, follow the requirements of standard written English; that is, pay attention to grammar, choice of words, and sentence construction. Choose the answer that produces the most effective sentence; this answer should be clear and exact, without awkwardness, ambiguity, redundancy, or grammatical error.

35. If he stops to consider the ramifications of this decision, it is probable that he will

rethink his original decision a while longer.

(A) it is probable that he will rethink his original decision. (B) he will rethink his original decision over again.

(C) he probably will rethink his original decision.

(D) he will most likely rethink his original decision for a bit. (E) he probably will rethink his decision a while longer.

36. “When you get older,” she said “you will no doubt understand what I mean.” (A) older,” she said “you will no doubt

(B) older” she said “you will no doubt

(C) older,” she said, “you will no doubt

(D) older,” she said “you will not

(E) older”, she said, “you will no doubt

37. Dr. Anderson strolled past the nurses, examining a bottle of pills. (A) Dr. Anderson strolled past the nurses, examining a bottle of pills. (B) Dr. Anderson strolled past the nurses examining a bottle of pills. (C) Dr. Anderson strolled past, the nurses examining a bottle of pills. (D) Examining a bottle of pills Dr. Anderson strolled past the nurses.

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(E) Examining a bottle of pills, Dr. Anderson strolled past the nurses.

38. Karl and Henry raced to the reservoir, climbed the ladder, and then they dove into the cool water.

(A) raced to the reservoir, climbed the ladder, and then they dove into

(B) first raced to the reservoir, climbed the ladder, and then they dove into

(C) raced to the reservoir, they climbed the ladder, and then they dove into (D) raced to the reservoir; climbed the ladder; and then they dove into

(E) raced to the reservoir, climbed the ladder, and dove into

39. Did either Tracy or Vanessa realize that her decision would be so momentous? (A) Tracy or Vanessa realize that her decision would be

(B) Tracy or Vanessa realize that each of their decision was

(C) Tracy or Vanessa realize that her or her decision would be

(D) Tracy or Vanessa realize that their decision would be (E) Tracy or Vanessa realize that their decision was

40. Despite their lucky escape, Jason and his brother could not hardly enjoy themselves. (A) Jason and his brother could not hardly enjoy themselves.

(B) Jason and his brother could not enjoy themselves.

(C) Jason and Jason’s brother could not hardly enjoy themselves.

(D) Jason and his brother could not enjoy them. (E) Jason and his brother could hardly enjoy them.

41. Stew recipes call for rosemary, parsley, thyme, and these sort of herbs. (A) for rosemary, parsley, thyme, and these sort of herbs.

(B) for: rosemary; parsley; thyme; and these sort of herbs.

(C) for rosemary, parsley, thyme, and these sorts of herbs.

(D) for rosemary, parsley, thyme, and this sorts of herbs. (E) for rosemary, parsley, thyme, and these sorts of herb.

42. Mr. King, an individual of considerable influence, created a personal fortune and gave back to the community.

(A) an individual of considerable influence, created a personal fortune and gave back

(B) an individual of considerable influence, he created a personal fortune and gave back (C) an individual of considerable influence created a personal fortune and gave back

(D) an individual of considerable influence, created a personal fortune and gave it back (E) an individual of considerable influence, created a personal fortune and then he gave it back

43. She is the person whose opinion matters the most.

(A) She is the person whose opinion matters the most.

(B) She is the person to whom opinion matters the most.

(C) She is the person who matters the most, in my opinion. (D) She is the person for whom opinion matters the most. (E) She is the person which has her opinion matter the most.

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Read the following passage and answer the seven questions that follow.

In the United States, where we have more land than people, it is not at all difficult for persons in good health to make money. In this comparatively new field there are so many avenues of success open, so many vocations which are not crowded, that any person of either sex who is willing, at least for the time being, to engage in any respectable occupation that offers, may find lucrative employment.

Those who really desire to attain an independence, have only to set their minds upon it, and adopt the proper means, as they do in regard to any other object which they wish to accomplish, and the thing is easily done. But however easy it may be found to make money, I have no doubt many of my hearers will agree it is the most difficult thing in the world to keep it. The road to wealth is, as Dr. Franklin truly says, “as plain as the road to the mill.” It consists simply in expending less than we earn; that seems to be a very simple problem. Mr. Micawber, one of those happy creations of the genial Dickens, puts the case in a strong light when he says that to have annual income of twenty pounds per annum, and spend twenty pounds and sixpence, is to be the most miserable of men; whereas, to have an income of only twenty pounds, and spend but nineteen pounds and sixpence is to be the happiest of mortals.

Many of my readers may say, “we understand this: this is economy, and we know economy is wealth; we know we can’t eat our cake and keep it also.” Yet I beg to say that perhaps more cases of failure arise from mistakes on this point than almost any other. The fact is, many people think they understand economy when they really do not.

44. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage? (A) Getting a job is easier now than it ever has been before.

(B) Earning money is much less difficult than managing it properly.

(C) Dr. Franklin advocated getting a job in a mill.

(D) Spending money is the greatest temptation in the world. (E) There is no way to predict changes in the economy.

45. What would this author’s attitude likely be to a person unable to find employment? (A) descriptive

(B) conciliatory

(C) ingenuous

(D) incredulous (E) exculpatory

46. According to the author, what is more difficult than making money? (A) getting a job

(B) traveling to a mill

(C) reading Dickens

(D) understanding the economy (E) managing money

47. Who is the most likely audience for this passage?